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Clinton heads to UAE for talks on Libya

posted on 08/06/2011: 910 views


US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton left here Wednesday for Abu Dhabi to consult with countries backing military action in Libya and looking at more ways to help the Libyan opposition.

The talks in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) capital on Thursday come after President Barack Obama said NATO's mission in Libya was forging ‘inexorable' advances that meant it was only a matter of time before defiant Muammar Gaddafi's departure.

The so-called International Contact Group meeting will build on a May 5 gathering in Rome where Clinton and her partners agreed on a new fund to aid Libya's rebels and promised to tap frozen assets of Gaddafi's regime.

US officials said the participants will discuss a ‘range of issues,' including implementation of UN Security Council resolutions 1970 and 1973.

Resolution 1970 imposed bans on assets and travel on members of Gaddafi's regime as well as an arms embargo.

Resolution 1973 authorised ‘all necessary measures' to protect Libyan civilians, including air strikes on Gaddafi's ground forces and a no-fly zone.

The International Contact Group on Libya, which includes all the countries participating in the NATO-led campaign targeting Gaddafi's regime, held its inaugural meeting in Qatar, which participates in the NATO mission.

NATO has intensified its campaign, launching daily raids on Tripoli, but only nine of NATO's 28 member states are taking part in the strikes. France and Britain are bearing the brunt of the load with helicopters now in their arsenal.

The other countries are the United States, Canada, Norway, Denmark, Belgium, Italy and non-NATO state the United Arab Emirates, which sent 12 warplanes to enforce the no-fly zone.

Countries such as Spain and the Netherlands, and non-NATO partner Sweden, have contributed combat jets but their roles are limited to enforcing the no-fly zone aimed at preventing Gaddafi attack planes from taking off.

Turkey, which reluctantly backed the mission, is only participating in the naval embargo.

Around a dozen NATO members are not contributing any assets to the mission, including Germany, which has refused to back the United Nations resolution that authorised the mission.

Weeks of air strikes on regime targets have thus far failed to force Gaddafi out, but Obama nevertheless insisted that he was on borrowed time after a brutal four-decades-long rule.

The president, criticised by some domestic opponents for allowing Britain and France to take the lead in the NATO mission after an initial US blitz, argued that the effort had already achieved substantial goals.

Meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Obama said that the port city of Benghazi was now free from the threat of the Libyan regime and that Gaddafi forces had been pushed back from the city of Misrata.

‘What you're seeing across the country is a inexorable trend of the regime forces being pushed back, being incapacitated,' he said on Tuesday. ‘You're seeing defections, often times of some very high-profile members of the Gaddafi government, as well as the military. ‘I think it is just a matter of time before Gaddafi goes.'

In addition to NATO countries, representatives from the United Nations, Arab League, European Union, Organisation of Islamic Conference, and the Gulf Cooperation Council will be at the talks.

After Abu Dhabi, Clinton will travel to Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia to discuss trade, development, health and other issues. She is due to return to Washington on June 15. – AFP

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