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Over 295000 births in Abu Dhabi Emirate in 2010: SCAD

posted on 17/04/2012: 3526 views


Live births in Abu Dhabi Emirate increased by 4.3 folds from 6,854 in 1975 to 29,528 in 2010, according to the latest statistical report released by Statistics Centre - Abu Dhabi (SCAD) on 'Demographic Studies series'.

This report presents statistics on live births in Abu Dhabi Emirate in 2010. Statistics of births in the years 2001, 2005 and 2009 are included to show trends in fertility.

It contains numbers of live births, sex ratio, and relative distribution of births by month and fertility rates. It also covers birth indicators and General Fertility rates tabulated by, among other attributes, nationality, gender and region.

As SCAD's report reveals, there were 29,528 live births in Abu Dhabi Emirate in 2010, compared with 23,974 in 2001, marking a rise of 23.2 per cent. Data also indicates an increases of 31.3 per cent and 16.7 per cent respectively in the registered births of citizens and non-citizens throughout the Emirate in the same years. In 2010, citizen births made up 46.2 per cent of the total births in the Emirate.

Administrative records also show that citizen births vary by regions, with Abu Dhabi Region accounting for the largest percentage (53.4 per cent) of total citizens births, followed by Al Ain Region at 43.1 per cent, and Al Gharbia Region at 3.5 per cent.

Non-citizens births represented 53.7 per cent of total in the Emirate in 2010, of whom 66.8 per cent were born in Abu Dhabi Region totalled, 29.5 per cent in Al Ain Region and 3.7 per cent Al Gharbia Region.

The relative distribution of births by month in 2010 reveals a great deal of volatility between months, with no obvious tendency in the long term. The average distribution of births during the first quarter of the year was the least among other quarters, reaching on the average 7.5 per cent per month in the first quarter, then this percentage rose in the next two quarters, where the figures were on the average 8.8 per cent and 8.7 per cent in the second and the third quarter respectively, then it decreased to 8.3% in the fourth quarter.

The proportion of births in October was the largest rate with 9.3 per cent, while the lowest was in December at 7.0 per cent, (A range of 2.3 percentage points).On the other hand, the relative distribution did not differ between citizens and non-citizens often in 2010 except in January and July (a difference of 0.4 per cent and 0.6 per cent in January and July, respectively).

Statistics of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi show that the sex ratio at birth fluctuated between 2001 and 2010 for both citizens and non-citizens. In 2001, the Sex Ratio at Birth for the whole Emirate was 103.6 (i.e. 103.6 males per 100 females). Broken down by nationality, sex ratio in 2001 was 104.2 for citizens and 103.1 for non-citizens.

Births data point to a noticeable drop of the crude birth rate by nationality over the years 2001, 2005, 2009 and 2010. During this time, it is noted that the CBR retreated gradually across the emirate. The CBR dropped from approximately 20.8 births per 1000 population in 2001, to 19.7 in 2005, further declining to 15.9 in 2009, before falling to 15.0 births (per 1000 population) in 2010.

The CBR for citizens fluctuated over the years, rising from, 35.4 in 2001, to 35.7 in 2005, subsequently declining to 32.5 in 2009 and 31.4 in 2010. As for non-citizens, the total CBR declined from 15.8 in 2001 to 10.3 in 2010.

The CBR also varies by nationality and region, reaching its highest level for citizens in Al Ain Region at 33.2 births per 1000 population and the lowest level in Al Gharbia Region, where the CBR for citizens was 17.1 per 1000 population. The same pattern was displayed by the birth rate for non-citizens, with the CBRs reaching its highest level in the Al Ain Region with 12.0 births per 1000 population, and lowest level in Al Gharbia with 3.4 births per 1000 population.

Comparing the general fertility rate (GFR) in 2010 by nationality, it can be seen that female citizens have a higher GFR than non-citizen females across the Emirate and in each of its regions: 118.4 babies were born per 1000 females citizens within the childbearing age (15-49) compared with only 63.2 births per 1000 non-citizen females within the childbearing age.

Although the number of non-citizen births is higher than citizen births, the lower GFR for non-citizens is due to the much larger number of non-citizen females within the age category (15-49) compared with the citizen females within the same age group.

By comparing regions, Al Ain Region witnessed the highest number of births with 123.1 births per 1000 female citizens within the childbearing age, compared 68.6 births per 1000 for non-citizens females within the childbearing age. The GFR is lowest in Al Gharbia Region with 71.8 births per 1000 female citizens and 47.6 per 1000 non-citizen females. - Emirates News Agency, WAM

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