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UAE urges UN to bury differences on Security Council expansion

posted on 13/11/2005: 639 views



The UAE has expressed concern about the deep differences on the issue of expanding the UN Security Council. The UAE called for a quick solution to this question in a way that would suit the current agenda of the Council's works which have become more complicated, overwhelming the conventional security situations that it used to handle during the Cold War era, Abdulaziz Nasser Al-Shamsi, UAE's Permanent Representative to the United Nations made the statement in a UAE address to the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly on the theme: "The Question of Equitable Representation on and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and Other Matters Related to the Security Council.”



Al Shamsi said the world had witnessed since the past decade the launching of a comprehensive process for the reforming of the UN to enable the international body face the new challenges that followed the post cold war developments, including the concept of a new world order based on principals of partnership, democracy and diversified interests of states.



He said in view of the fact that the Security Council was the main organ of the United Nations and was primarily responsible for maintaining international peace and security in accordance with Article 24 of the Charter, Heads of States and Governments were keen to reaffirm, during the Millennium Summit of year 2000 and the High Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the General Assembly, the importance of continuing and intensifying the efforts aimed at reforming the structure of the Security Council and improving its representation, efficiency and democracy.



This, he added, will help the Council to increase its effectiveness and legality in implementing its resolutions which aim at establishing international peace and protecting humanity from wars, gross human rights violations and other current threats facing our world.



Following is the full text of the UAE address: Mr. Chairman, When the Security Council was established in 1945, the UN members were 51. Today and although the number of the UN state members has reached 191 states, the Council has not yet reflected this reality or represented the international community in a democratic and fair manner. This has resulted in creating a political imbalance, and undermined transparency in the Council's resolutions regarding many important international issues.



Therefore, we emphasize the need for the international community to carry out a comprehensive and viable reform in the structure and working methods of the Security Council which must include the increase of permanent and non-permanent members of the Council in order to enable it to perform its fundamental role in addressing the existing security threats and challenges facing our nations.



Mr. Chairman, at the outset and on behalf of the delegation of the United Arab Emirates, I would like to thank the Chairman of the Open-ended Working Group on the Question of Equitable Representation and Increase in the Membership of the Security Council and other Matters, and his two Vice-Chairpersons for the valuable information contained in their recent report. This report has reflected the great efforts made towards reaching a consensus, which we all aspire to achieve, in the areas of strengthening international representation in the Security Council and enhancing transparency in executing its responsibilities towards maintaining international peace and security.



Mr. Chairman, The last decade witnessed the launching of a comprehensive reform process especially in the United Nations System with a view to enabling it keep up with the international changes and challenges which have emerged after the end of the cold war and included the concept of a new world order based on principals of partnership, democracy and diversified interests of states.



As the Security Council is the main organ of the United Nations and is primarily responsible for maintaining international peace and security in accordance with Article 24 of the Charter, Heads of States and Governments were keen to reaffirm, during the Millennium Summit of year 2000 and the High Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the General Assembly, the importance of continuing and intensifying the efforts aimed at reforming the structure of the Security Council and improving its representation, efficiency and democracy. This will help the Council to increase its effectiveness and legality in implementing its resolutions which aim at establishing international peace and protecting humanity from wars, gross human rights violations and other current threats facing our world.



Mr. Chairman, When the Security Council was established in 1945, the UN members were 51. Today and although the number of the UN state members has reached 191 states, the Council has not yet reflected this reality or represented the international community in a democratic and fair manner. This has resulted in creating a political imbalance, and undermined transparency in the Council's resolutions regarding many important international issues.



Therefore, we emphasize the need for the international community to carry out a comprehensive and viable reform in the structure and working methods of the Security Council which must include the increase of permanent and non-permanent members of the Council in order to enable it to perform its fundamental role in addressing the existing security threats and challenges facing our nations.



Mr. Chairman, Our delegation, which has carefully studied the recommendations of the Secretary General and his High Level team on this item, and which has followed closely the consultations made by the General Assembly and other regional groups in the last few months, which included initiatives, draft resolutions and proposals, is concerned about the deep differences in the views of states regarding the form and size of the Council. We, therefore, affirm our position which calls for restructuring the Council according to the present agenda which has become more complicated and which has exceeded the traditional issues of the cold war era.



In this context, we affirm that the process of enlargement of the membership of the Security Council should be based on the following three foundations:



1- The Security Council reform and enlargement process should be an integral part of a common and integrated endeavour which is based on principals of sovereign equality among Member States and equitable geographical representation of states in the Council away from the biased and selective policy which currently prevail the Council.



2- Any increase in the membership of the Security Council must address the issue of under representation of developing and small states in the Council 3- The Arab States, which amount to 22 countries and represent 12% of the total number of state members in the United Nations must be allocated a permanent seat in the Security Council which should be filled on a rotating basis in accordance with the practices applied in the League of Arab States and in the context of the African and Asian Groups. This will strengthen the effective participation of these countries in the process of addressing the complicated regional issues on the agenda of the Council, and in the endeavours aiming at maintaining regional and international peace and security.



Mr. Chairman, The United Arab Emirates, which notes with satisfaction the limited number of measures taken in the last few years for improving the working methods of the Council particularly in the areas of increasing the number of plenary meetings and inviting non-council members to its debates, especially those who participate in peace keeping operation, is disappointed at the double standard policy followed by the Security Council in addressing some issues on its agenda, specifically those pertaining to peace and security in the Middle East, which contradicts its previous relevant resolutions.



Accordingly, we call for carrying out a serious, comprehensive and objective evaluation for the working methods of the Council in order to enhance the institutional and transparent nature of its procedures. In this context, we call for taking the following measures: 1- Repealing or rationalizing the use of the veto right, which impaired the Council, on many occasions, from finding fair and permanent settlement for many important issues in accordance with the principals of the Charter and the international legality and law.



3- Taking into consideration the interests of states at the time of adopting resolutions in accordance with the 7th Chapter of the Charter which permits the imposition of economic sanctions on countries violating resolutions of the Council.



4- Inviting non-Council members, especially those who have direct or indirect interest in issues under discussion by the Council, to participate in its consultations in this regard.



5- Developing coordination among the Security Council, the General Assembly and Regional Groups, and mobilizing the possible capabilities and means in order to contain the existing disputes and conflicts and protect humanity from their dangerous consequences.



Mr. Chairman, Finally, we hope that our deliberations on this item will lead to converging our views and strengthening a constructive international understanding towards achieving the aspired reform in the structure of the Security Council and its working methods in order to enable it to discharge its growing responsibilities and maintaining regional and international peace and security. (The Emirates News Agency, WAM)

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