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Factfile

The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ra’s al-Khaimah and Fujairah).

  • Country name: United Arab Emirates (UAE) or Dawlat al Imarat al Arabiyya al Muttahidah Capital: Abu Dhabi
  • Capital city: Abu Dhabi
  • National Day: Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
  • Time: four hours ahead of GMT
  • Currency: Emirati dirham (Dh or AED)
  • Exchange rate: Dh3.67 per US dollar. The UAE dirham has been officially pegged to the US dollar since February 2002.
  • Flag: three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and black with a wider vertical red band on the hoist side
  • Location: Situated towards the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula, the UAE is a roughly triangular landmass whose coastlines form the south and southeastern shores of the Arabian Gulf and part of the western shores of the Gulf of Oman. The UAE also has land borders with Oman and Saudi Arabia.
  • Latitude/Longitude: 24°N 54°E
  • Location of UAE World Map
  • Area: approximately 82,880 square kilometres. Abu Dhabi accounts for 87 per cent of the country’s total landmass.
  • Coastline: prior to construction of the ‘Dubai Palms’ and other schemes, the coastline of the UAE was approximately 1318 kilometres. Land reclamation projects are extending this figure.
  • DunesTopography: a low-lying coastal plain merges into the rolling sand dunes of the Rub al-Khali desert, whilst rugged mountains skirt the eastern border with Oman.
  • Elevation extremes: the country’s lowest point is at sea level and its highest point is 1527 metres at Jebel Yibir.
  • Natural resources: the most important are oil and natural gas, more than 90 per cent of which are located in Abu Dhabi.
  • Climate: the UAE enjoys a desert climate, warm and sunny in winter, hot and humid during the summer months. It is generally cooler in the eastern mountains.
  • Political system: a federation with specific areas of authority constitutionally assigned to the UAE Federal Government and other powers reserved for member emirates.
  • Constitution: adopted provisionally on 2 December 1971, made permanent in 1996
  • President: HH Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler of Abu Dhabi
  • Vice-President & Prime Minister: HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Sheikh Sultan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan
  • Cabinet: Council of Ministers nominated by the Prime Minister, appointed by the President
  • Legal system: in addition to the federal court system, all emirates have secular courts to adjudicate criminal, civil, and commercial matters, and Islamic courts to review family and religious disputes.
  • Foreign aid: since 1971 the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) has provided US$5.4 billion in aid to 55 countries (2005). The UAE has also been a major contributor of emergency relief to regions affected by conflict and natural disasters both at a governmental level and through NGOs such as the UAE Red Crescent Society (RCS).
  • International organisation participation: ABEDA, AFESD, AMF, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCT (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, LAS, MIGA, NAM, OAPEC, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO
  • People
    Social Development
    Economy
    Oil and gas
    Date Palm
    Fish
    Telecommunication
    Ports
    Population: 4.1 million (census. 2005)
  • Nationals: 21.9% of total counted population (3.8 million)
  • Non-nationals: 78.1% of total counted population
  • National males: 50.7%
  • National females: 49.3%
  • Nationals under 20 years: 51.1%
  • Language: Arabic
  • Religion: Islam, practice of all religious beliefs is allowed.
  • Birth rate (2005 est.): 18.78 births/1000 population
  • Death rate (2005 est.): 4.26 deaths/1000 population
  • Life expectancy at birth: 78.3 years
  • Total fertility rate (2000–05): 2.5 (births per woman)
  • Under-five mortality rate (2004): 8 per 1000 live births
  • New-born (neonate) mortality (2004): 5.54 per 1000
  • Infant mortality rate (2004): 7.7 per 1000
  • Maternal mortality rate (2004): 0.01 for every 100,000
  • Illiteracy rate: 9%
  • UN Human Development Index rank (2006): 49
  • GDP per capita (est. 2006): Dh139,000
  • Civilian employment (2005): 2.59 million
  • Percentage of women in total labour force (2005): 22.4%
  • Weekend: Friday and Saturday for government institutions; many private companies operate a six-day week.
  • Fiscal year: 1 January to 31 December
  • GDP (est. 2006, nominal): Dh599 billion
  • Real GDP growth (est. 2006): 8.9%
  • Non-oil sector contribution to nominal GDP (est. 2006): 63%
  • Industries: oil & gas, aluminum, cement, fertilisers, commercial ship repair, petrochemicals, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, food processing, tourism
  • Oil production: 2.8 million barrels per day
  • Oil proven reserves: 98.1 billion barrels
  • Natural gas production: 65 billion cubic metres
  • Natural gas proven reserves: 6 trillion cubic metres
  • Oil & gas exports (est. 2006): Dh200 billion
  • Exports (est. 2006): Dh488 billion
  • Free-zone exports (est. 2006): Dh80 billion
  • Re-exports (est. 2006): Dh162 billion
  • Imports (est. 2006): Dh359 billion
  • Cultivated areas: 260,000 hectares, 3.1% of total territory
  • Number of date palms: over 40 million
  • Agricultural products: Dates, green fodder, vegetables and fruit; livestock, poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
  • Fishing fleet: 5191
  • Fishermen: 17,264
  • Estimated fisheries catch: 97,574 tons
  • Telecommunications: thriving deregulated market, modern fibre-optic integrated services; digital network with high use of mobile phones.
  • International country code: 971
  • Internet country code: ae
  • Fixed line subscribers: 1.26 million
  • Mobile phone subscribers (2006): 4.9 million
  • Internet subscribers (2006): 578,000
  • Ports: 15 in total, including the following major ports: Mina Zayed, Jebel Ali, Mina Rashid, Fujairah, Khor Fakkan, Mina Saqr, Sharjah. Abu Dhabi is building a major new facility with accompanying industrial zone, Khalifa Port, at Taweelah.
  • International Airports: six in total with a seventh (Dubai World Central) under construction.
  • Total installed electricity generating capacity (2006): 16,220 MW
  • Projected installed electricity generating capacity (2010): 26,000 MW
  • Annual electricity demand growth (2005): 12%
  • Total water production (2004): 195 billion gallons
  • TV stations: 42
  • Radio stations: 26
  • Newspapers: 9
  • Magazines: over 160
  • News agency: Emirates News Agency (WAM)

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