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  UAE History - Ancient artifacts
eramics & stoneware
In Syria and Iran pottery production dates back to at least 7000 B.C. In the U.A.E. pottery occurs on some of the earliest sites in the area, dating to c. 5000 B.C. The first pottery found in the Emirates was imported. It came from southern Iraq and belongs to a style known as ‘Ubaid. ‘Ubaid pottery was made of a greenish-buff fabric (the native alluvial clay of southern Iraq) painted with a thick black pigment. Yet exposure to ‘Ubaid pottery, or to another imported type from Iraq comparable to that known at Jamdat Nasr around 3000 B.C., seems not to have kicked off local production of ceramics in the region. That didn’t happen until several centuries later when an orange pottery, decorated in black, began to be manufactured which remained in use for some 700 years. Throughout all subsequent periods in the history of the U.A.E. pottery was made locally, the shapes, wares and decoration of which varied through time. At the same time, ceramics were imported from a variety of places, including Mesopotamia, Iran, Central Asia, Baluchistan and the Indus Valley. During the Islamic era locally-produced pottery was used alongside imports from China, Southeast Asia, Iraq and Iran.

Stone vessels, as well, particularly good for holding fatty or oily substances, began to be made in the area by about 2500 B.C. Most of these were manufactured from steatite or chlorite, a soft mineral found in certain parts of the Hajar mountains. During the late 3rd, 2nd and 1st millennium B.C. the U.A.E. had an extensive stone bowl-manufacturing industry which produced vessels in immediately recognisable shapes with very particular decorative patterns. Examples of such locally-made stone vessels have been found at sites in Iraq, Iran, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Baluchistan and the Indus Valley.
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  A softstone vessel from Ras al-Khaimah, Wadi Suq period (2000-1300 BC) An imported medieval Chinese porcelain plate from Julfar, ras al-Khaimah An imported medieval Chinese celadon plate, from Julfar, ras al-Khaimah Decorated beaker from Umm al-Nar period, around 2500-3000 BC A limestone mortar from the UAE's oldest village, on Dalma. Around 5000 BC A softstone vessel with fish motif from tell Abraq, Sharjah, from the Wadi Suq period, 2000 - 1300 BC A decorated pottery vessel from tell Abraq, Sharjah, from the Umm al-Nar period, around 2500 - 2000 VC A decorated red jar from Tell Abraq, Sharjah, from the Umm al-Nar period, around 2500 - 2000 VC A softstone incense burner from Sharjah
of Iron Age date. A softstone jar with lid, from Jebel Buhays, Sharjah,
of Iron Age date A pottery head of an owl from Sharjah,
of iron Age date. A stone pendant in the form of an owl, from Tell Abraq, Sharjah. 2nd Millennium BC A softstone jar with lid from Sharjah, of Iron Age date A compartmented softstone box with lid, from Ras al-Khaimah, of Iron Age date. A late Islamic julfar-ware pot from Ras al-Khaimah