In the early third century AD Ardashir Papakan, of Istakhr in Fars province,
Iran, overthrew the Parthians
and founded a new empire which came to be known by the name of a semi-mythical
ancestor called Sasan. Various sources relate the story of Ardashir's
conquests in eastern Arabia and the Oman peninsula, suggesting that
a campaign was undertaken against the land of what is today the Emirates
by c. 240 AD Certainly the name Mazun
appears in the list of provinces of Ardashir's son, Shapur I, shortly
afterwards, and as we know that this applied to both the UAE and Oman,
it seems clear that the conquest of the region must have occurred by
the mid-third century.
glass and pottery has been found at a number of sites in the Emirates,
including Jazirat al-Hulayla and Kush,
while at Jebel Emalah the burial of a male with fragments of iron weaponry
has been carbon-dated to the sixth or early seventh century.
Sasanian coins have been found
at Tell Abraq, on Ghallah island in the lagoon of Umm al-Qaiwain and in Fujairah. Most of these date to the reigns of three Sasanian kings, Shapur II (309-379), Hormizd IV (579-590), and Khusraw II (590-628).