Situated on the north side of the Khor al-Bazm, Marawah is a low-lying island off the coast of Abu Dhabi which measures c. 13 x 5.5 kms. It was mentioned in Western sources as early as 1829 when it was recorded as part of the East India Company's nautical survey of the Arabian Gulf. More than a dozen archaeological sites have been recorded on the island. These include sites with stone tools belonging to the Arabian bifacial tradition (MR 1); pre-Islamic cairn burials of uncertain date (e.g. MR 7); extensive and now disused water cisterns (e.g. MR 2); and a late Islamic villages (e.g. MR 4).